I’ll be frank: Up to now, I’ve chalked up my pineapple-induced mouth woes to nothing greater than a really gentle allergy of some type (since my signs clear up on their very own after some time). Nonetheless, Inna A. Husain, MD, the medical director of laryngology at Neighborhood Hospital in Munster, Indiana, says an allergy is probably going not the case.
Whereas pineapple allergy symptoms are doable, they’re extraordinarily uncommon. So, why accomplish that many individuals expertise discomfort when noshing on this tropical fruit? Dr. Husain explains it’s easy: Enzymes. Forward we uncover the basis explanation for ‘pineapple tongue’ discomfort and the easiest way to keep away from it.
Why pineapple may cause mouth and tongue irritation
In accordance with Dr. Husain, pineapples comprise an enzyme referred to as bromelain, which is probably going the principle perpetrator behind most pineapple-related mouth and tongue irritation. “Bromelain is a mix of two proteases. For context, a protease is a particular kind of enzyme that breaks down protein. This is the reason pineapple is usually a nice meat tenderizer,” Dr. Husain says. Sadly, pineapple may cause an identical response within the mouth. “Bromelain additionally breaks down protein discovered within the lining of your mouth, generally known as mucosa,” she provides, which leads to the irritation so many people typically expertise.
However that’s only one piece of the puzzle. Along with the bromelain, Dr. Husain factors out that pineapples are additionally naturally acidic, which might additional exacerbate irritation. “Pineapple is acidic, so the thought is that the bromelain breaks down the mucosal barrier, which causes the acid in pineapple to be extra irritating,” she says. Dr. Husain says the mixture of the 2 is what units pineapple other than different fruits. (For instance, though papayas additionally comprise bromelain, they’re not as acidic, which is why most gained’t expertise the identical tingling sensation as they do with pineapple.)
That mentioned, there’s no denying that each one this discuss bromelain-induced burning or itchiness within the mouth and throat can sound exceptionally alarming. Nonetheless, Dr. Husain reassures us that it isn’t an excessive amount of trigger for concern (no less than not typically). “Don’t fear. The quantity of harm that’s taking place is gentle, and the tissue will already begin therapeutic itself after the consumption of the pineapple. This is the reason more often than not, the feeling is temporary,” she says.
“Don’t fear. The quantity of harm that’s taking place is gentle, and the tissue will already begin therapeutic itself after the consumption of the pineapple. This is the reason more often than not, the feeling is temporary.”
Nevertheless it’s price noting that though (we reiterate) pineapple allergy symptoms are uncommon, they nonetheless are doable. A pineapple allergy may end up in extra extreme signs like extreme irritation within the mouth, rashes, swelling, or—in extreme circumstances—anaphylaxis, a life-threatening situation that wants pressing medical consideration. When you imagine you’re experiencing a pineapple allergy, it’s finest to seek the advice of with a medical skilled on methods to deal with it.
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How one can forestall pineapple tongue irritation
Though there’s no avoiding bromelain in pineapples, Dr. Husain factors out that the very best focus of the enzyme is discovered within the stem of the pineapple. As such, steering away from consuming the stems may assist mitigate the response. Nevertheless it isn’t foolproof, nor the most efficient or efficient technique to keep away from pineapple-induced irritation.
Dr. Husain recommends rubbing salt on pineapple or soaking it in salt water (and rinsing earlier than consumption). Cooking pineapple also can cut back the irritation brought on by enzymes. Lastly, she says pairing the acidic fruit with dairy-based merchandise, like cream or yogurt, may help neutralize the acid. Pineapples are formally again on the menu!
Anybody up for a dairy-free pineapple ginger Dole Whip dessert: